Food is not just fuel for the body, it also plays a crucial role in our mental wellbeing. The link between nutrition and mental health has been a topic of interest for researchers and healthcare professionals for years. The relationship between what we eat and how we feel is complex, but studies have shown that a healthy diet can help prevent and manage mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety. In this article, we will explore the connection between nutrition and mental health, and how making small changes to our diet can have a big impact on our overall wellbeing.
The Connection Between Nutrition and Mental Health
The Importance of a Balanced Diet
- Essential nutrients for mental health
- Benefits of a balanced diet
The human body relies on a steady intake of essential nutrients to maintain optimal physical and mental health. While it is well-known that a balanced diet supports overall health, the connection between nutrition and mental health is often overlooked. This section will delve into the essential nutrients required for mental wellbeing and the benefits of consuming a balanced diet.
Essential Nutrients for Mental Health
Several nutrients play a crucial role in supporting mental health. Some of the most essential nutrients include:
- Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds, have been linked to reducing inflammation and supporting brain health.
- Vitamins: Vitamins B, C, and D are vital for maintaining mental wellbeing. Vitamin B, particularly B12, is known to support the production of neurotransmitters that regulate mood, while Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect the brain from damage. Vitamin D, on the other hand, has been linked to reducing the risk of depression.
- Minerals: Minerals such as iron, zinc, and magnesium are also essential for mental health. Iron is crucial for the production of red blood cells, which transport oxygen to the brain, while zinc is necessary for the synthesis of neurotransmitters. Magnesium, often referred to as the “relaxation mineral,” is essential for regulating stress and anxiety levels.
Benefits of a Balanced Diet
A balanced diet provides the body with all the essential nutrients required for optimal physical and mental health. The benefits of consuming a balanced diet include:
- Energy and Focus: A balanced diet provides the body with the necessary energy to function throughout the day. Consuming a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help maintain focus and productivity.
- Improved Mood: Eating a balanced diet that includes essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids can help improve mood and reduce the risk of developing mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety.
- Better Cognitive Function: Consuming a diet rich in essential nutrients can improve cognitive function, including memory, attention, and problem-solving skills.
- Reduced Inflammation: A balanced diet that includes anti-inflammatory foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce inflammation in the body, which is associated with various mental health disorders.
In conclusion, the essential nutrients found in a balanced diet play a crucial role in supporting mental health. Consuming a diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids can help improve mood, cognitive function, and reduce the risk of developing mental health disorders.
The Role of Nutrients in Mental Health
Nutrients play a crucial role in maintaining mental health, and a diet deficient in essential nutrients can negatively impact mental wellbeing. Here are some key nutrients that are vital for mental health:
- Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids that the body cannot produce on its own, and must be obtained through diet. They have been shown to have a positive effect on mood, reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines, as well as flaxseeds, walnuts, and chia seeds.
- B vitamins: B vitamins are a group of water-soluble vitamins that are important for maintaining a healthy nervous system and mood. Vitamin B12, in particular, has been linked to a reduced risk of depression. Foods rich in B vitamins include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, leafy greens, and legumes.
- Iron and zinc: Iron and zinc are essential minerals that play a role in the production of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that transmit signals in the brain. A deficiency in either of these minerals can lead to symptoms of depression and anxiety. Foods rich in iron include red meat, poultry, fish, beans, and fortified cereals. Foods rich in zinc include meat, poultry, oysters, beans, and nuts.
It is important to note that while there is a connection between nutrition and mental health, nutrition alone is not a complete solution for mental health issues. A balanced diet, combined with other lifestyle changes such as exercise and stress management, can have a positive impact on mental wellbeing.
Mental Health Issues and Their Relation to Nutrition
Depression and Diet
The relationship between diet and depression is a complex one, with various studies showing that a healthy diet can have a positive impact on mental wellbeing. While diet alone cannot treat depression, it can play a significant role in managing symptoms and promoting overall mental health.
The role of nutrition in treating depression
Research has shown that certain nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, and iron, may have a role in reducing symptoms of depression. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds, have been linked to reduced inflammation and improved brain function. B vitamins, found in leafy greens, whole grains, and fortified cereals, are important for neurotransmitter production and can help improve mood. Iron, found in red meat, poultry, and fortified cereals, is essential for the production of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that regulates mood.
Foods that may help alleviate symptoms
Certain foods have been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. These include:
- Leafy greens: Leafy greens, such as spinach and kale, are rich in B vitamins and folate, which have been linked to improved mood and reduced risk of depression.
- Berries: Berries, such as blueberries and strawberries, are rich in antioxidants and have been shown to improve mood and cognitive function.
- Fatty fish: Fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel, are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and have been linked to reduced symptoms of depression.
- Nuts and seeds: Nuts and seeds, such as almonds and pumpkin seeds, are rich in B vitamins, healthy fats, and minerals, which have been linked to improved mood and reduced risk of depression.
Foods to avoid
Certain foods may have a negative impact on mental health and should be avoided or limited. These include:
- Sugary drinks: Sugary drinks, such as soda and fruit juice, have been linked to increased risk of depression and anxiety.
- Processed foods: Processed foods, such as chips and cookies, are often high in unhealthy fats, sugar, and salt, and have been linked to increased risk of depression and other mental health issues.
- Alcohol: Alcohol is a depressant and can worsen symptoms of depression. It is important to limit alcohol consumption or avoid it altogether.
In conclusion, while diet alone cannot treat depression, it can play a significant role in managing symptoms and promoting overall mental health. Incorporating foods that have been shown to have a positive impact on mental health, such as leafy greens, berries, fatty fish, and nuts and seeds, while limiting or avoiding foods that have a negative impact, such as sugary drinks, processed foods, and alcohol, may help improve mental wellbeing.
Anxiety and Diet
The relationship between diet and anxiety is a complex one, with various factors influencing how food can impact an individual’s mental wellbeing. In recent years, studies have suggested that certain dietary choices may help alleviate anxiety symptoms, while others may exacerbate them.
The impact of diet on anxiety levels
Diet plays a significant role in regulating neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are directly linked to anxiety levels. Consuming a diet rich in processed foods, sugar, and unhealthy fats can lead to inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which can negatively impact the brain’s chemical balance. Conversely, a diet that includes nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, can promote optimal brain function and mental health.
Foods that may help reduce anxiety
Several foods have been found to have an anxiolytic effect, meaning they may help reduce anxiety symptoms. Some of these include:
- Omega-3 fatty acids: Found in fatty fish, such as salmon, sardines, and anchovies, omega-3s have been shown to have a calming effect on the brain.
- B vitamins: Essential for brain health, B vitamins, particularly B6, B12, and folate, can help reduce anxiety symptoms. Foods rich in B vitamins include eggs, leafy greens, avocados, and lean meats.
- Ashwagandha: This adaptogenic herb has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine to reduce stress and anxiety.
- Chamomile: This herbal tea has been known to promote relaxation and reduce anxiety.
- Valerian root: Often used as a natural remedy for anxiety, valerian root has been found to have a calming effect on the nervous system.
Foods to avoid
Certain foods can have a detrimental effect on anxiety levels. These include:
- Caffeine: Found in coffee, tea, and chocolate, caffeine is a stimulant that can lead to increased anxiety symptoms.
- Alcohol: While alcohol may initially produce feelings of relaxation, it can lead to increased anxiety and agitation as the effects wear off.
- Sugar: Consuming excessive amounts of sugar can lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels, which can exacerbate anxiety symptoms.
- Processed foods: These foods are often high in unhealthy fats, sodium, and additives, which can contribute to inflammation and oxidative stress in the brain.
In conclusion, diet plays a crucial role in regulating anxiety levels. By incorporating nutrient-dense foods and avoiding those that can exacerbate anxiety symptoms, individuals can take an active role in promoting their mental wellbeing.
Other Mental Health Conditions and Diet
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. While the exact relationship between diet and bipolar disorder is not fully understood, certain foods and nutrients have been shown to have an impact on mood stability.
* Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds, may help to reduce symptoms of bipolar disorder. These essential fatty acids play a crucial role in brain function and have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help to stabilize mood.
* Complex Carbohydrates: Consuming complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, has been associated with a lower risk of developing bipolar disorder. These foods provide essential nutrients and fiber, which can help to regulate blood sugar levels and support overall mental health.
* **Sugar and Refined Carbohydrates:** On the other hand, consuming high amounts of sugar and refined carbohydrates has been linked to an increased risk of bipolar disorder. These foods can cause rapid fluctuations in blood sugar levels, which may trigger mood swings and exacerbate symptoms.
Schizophrenia is a complex mental health disorder that affects a person’s perception, thoughts, and behavior. The relationship between diet and schizophrenia is not fully understood, but certain nutrient deficiencies and dietary imbalances have been linked to the development and progression of the disease.
- Vitamin B: A deficiency in vitamin B, particularly vitamin B12 and folic acid, has been associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Vitamin B plays a crucial role in brain function and the production of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that help to regulate mood and thought processes.
- Antioxidants: Antioxidants, such as vitamin E and selenium, have been shown to have a protective effect against oxidative stress, which has been linked to the development of schizophrenia. Consuming a diet rich in antioxidant-rich foods, such as leafy greens, nuts, and berries, may help to reduce the risk of developing the disease.
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids: As with bipolar disorder, omega-3 fatty acids have also been linked to a reduced risk of developing schizophrenia. These essential fatty acids may help to reduce inflammation in the brain and support healthy brain function.
Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are mental health conditions characterized by distorted eating patterns and a negative body image. While the exact relationship between diet and eating disorders is complex, certain dietary factors have been linked to the development and maintenance of these disorders.
- Restrictive Diets: Engaging in restrictive diets, such as low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets, has been associated with an increased risk of developing an eating disorder. These diets can lead to a preoccupation with food and a fear of certain food groups, which can contribute to the development of disordered eating patterns.
- Macronutrient Imbalances: Eating disorders often involve a preoccupation with macronutrient intake, such as a fixation on calories or specific nutrients. Consuming a diet that is imbalanced in macronutrients, such as consuming excessive amounts of carbohydrates or inadequate amounts of protein, can contribute to the development and maintenance of an eating disorder.
- Micronutrient Deficiencies: Certain micronutrient deficiencies, such as iron, zinc, and vitamin D, have been linked to the development of eating disorders. Micronutrient deficiencies can contribute to feelings of fatigue, weakness, and poor mood, which can contribute to the development of disordered eating patterns.
Nutritional Deficiencies and Mental Health
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in the overall health of the body, including the brain and nervous system. Research has shown that vitamin D deficiency is linked to an increased risk of depression, making it an important nutrient to consider when discussing the relationship between nutrition and mental health.
The link between vitamin D deficiency and depression
Several studies have investigated the link between vitamin D deficiency and depression. While the exact mechanism is not yet fully understood, research suggests that vitamin D may play a role in regulating mood and emotional wellbeing. For example, a study published in the journal Nutrients found that individuals with lower levels of vitamin D were more likely to experience symptoms of depression compared to those with higher levels.
Sources of vitamin D
Vitamin D can be obtained through a variety of sources, including sunlight exposure, dietary intake, and supplements. The body can synthesize vitamin D when the skin is exposed to sunlight, but it is important to note that excessive sun exposure can also have negative health effects. Therefore, it is recommended to obtain vitamin D through a combination of sunlight exposure and dietary sources.
Good dietary sources of vitamin D include fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna, as well as egg yolks, mushrooms, and fortified foods such as milk and cereal.
If you suspect that you may have a vitamin D deficiency, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional who can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment. In some cases, increasing your intake of vitamin D through diet and sunlight exposure may be sufficient to correct a deficiency. In other cases, vitamin D supplements may be necessary.
It is important to note that while vitamin D supplements are available over-the-counter, it is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen. Additionally, it is important to ensure that you are obtaining adequate levels of other essential nutrients, as vitamin D deficiency can be caused by a deficiency in other nutrients as well.
The Relationship between Iron Deficiency and Anxiety
Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, including the production of red blood cells and the formation of neurotransmitters that regulate mood and anxiety levels. Research has shown that iron deficiency can significantly impact mental health, particularly by exacerbating symptoms of anxiety.
Sources of Iron
Iron can be found in a variety of foods, including red meat, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, spinach, and fortified cereals. However, it is important to note that not all sources of iron are created equal. For instance, animal-based sources of iron are more easily absorbed by the body than plant-based sources.
Treating iron deficiency typically involves consuming more iron-rich foods or taking iron supplements. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen, as excessive iron intake can be harmful. In addition to addressing the deficiency itself, it is also essential to identify and address any underlying causes of iron deficiency, such as heavy menstrual bleeding or a diet lacking in iron-rich foods.
Other Nutritional Deficiencies and Mental Health
- Thiamine deficiency
Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, plays a crucial role in the body’s metabolism and energy production. Research has suggested that thiamine deficiency may be linked to the development of mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. One study found that thiamine supplementation improved symptoms of depression in individuals with a thiamine deficiency.
- Magnesium deficiency
Magnesium is an essential mineral that is involved in numerous physiological processes in the body, including the production of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine. Studies have suggested that magnesium deficiency may be associated with an increased risk of developing mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. Supplementing with magnesium has been shown to improve symptoms of depression and anxiety in individuals with a magnesium deficiency.
- Folate deficiency
Folate, also known as vitamin B9, is essential for the production of red blood cells and for proper brain function. Folate deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of developing mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. One study found that folate supplementation improved symptoms of depression in individuals with a folate deficiency.
Tips for Improving Mental Health Through Nutrition
The benefits of mindful eating
- Improved digestion and gut health
- Better management of weight and body image
- Enhanced mental clarity and focus
- Increased sense of physical and emotional well-being
- Greater connection to food and the pleasure of eating
Tips for practicing mindful eating
- Eat slowly and savor each bite
- Pay attention to the sensory experience of eating
- Focus on the flavors and textures of food
- Take breaks between bites to fully appreciate the food
- Avoid distractions while eating, such as watching TV or using electronic devices
- Practice self-compassion and avoid negative self-talk while eating
- Seek support from friends, family, or a therapist to develop healthy eating habits
- Be patient and kind to yourself as you develop the skill of mindful eating.
Incorporating Mood-Boosting Foods into Your Diet
When it comes to improving mental health through nutrition, incorporating mood-boosting foods into your diet can make a significant difference. Here are some foods that may improve mental health and tips on how to incorporate them into your diet:
Foods that may improve mental health
- Omega-3 fatty acids: These essential fatty acids, found in fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines, have been shown to reduce inflammation and improve brain function.
- B vitamins: B vitamins, found in foods such as whole grains, leafy greens, and lean meats, play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy nervous system and reducing stress.
- Iron: Iron, found in foods such as red meat, beans, and spinach, helps to produce red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the brain.
- Complex carbohydrates: Complex carbohydrates, found in foods such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, provide sustained energy and can help regulate mood.
- Lean protein: Lean protein, found in foods such as chicken, turkey, and tofu, can help stabilize blood sugar levels and improve mood.
Incorporating these foods into your diet
To incorporate these mood-boosting foods into your diet, try the following tips:
- Plan your meals: Plan your meals in advance to ensure that you are incorporating a variety of mood-boosting foods into your diet.
- Snack wisely: Choose healthy snacks such as fruit, nuts, and yogurt to keep your energy levels up and your mood stable.
- Experiment with new recipes: Try new recipes that incorporate mood-boosting foods such as omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, and complex carbohydrates.
- Eat with others: Eating with others can help you stay accountable to your diet and provide social support.
- Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated can help improve your mood and brain function.
Incorporating mood-boosting foods into your diet can have a significant impact on your mental health. By choosing a variety of nutrient-dense foods, planning your meals, and snacking wisely, you can support your mental wellbeing and improve your overall quality of life.
Managing Cravings and Emotional Eating
Cravings and emotional eating can be major obstacles when it comes to maintaining a healthy diet and promoting mental wellbeing. Here are some tips for managing these challenges:
- Understanding cravings and emotional eating
- Cravings are a normal part of human biology and can be triggered by a variety of factors, including stress, hormonal changes, and even boredom.
- Emotional eating, on the other hand, is when individuals use food as a way to cope with negative emotions, such as stress, anxiety, or boredom.
- Tips for managing cravings and emotional eating
- Identify and address the underlying causes of your cravings and emotional eating. This may involve practicing stress management techniques, such as meditation or exercise, or addressing underlying emotional issues with a therapist or counselor.
- Keep healthy snacks on hand to distract from cravings. When a craving strikes, try reaching for a piece of fruit or a handful of nuts instead of junk food.
- Plan ahead and make healthy food choices a priority. This can involve meal planning and grocery shopping with a focus on whole, nutrient-dense foods.
- Seek support from friends, family, or a support group. Sharing your struggles and goals with others can help keep you accountable and provide a sense of community and support.
Seeking Professional Help for Nutrition and Mental Health
Working with a Nutritionist or Dietitian
The benefits of working with a nutritionist or dietitian
Collaborating with a nutritionist or dietitian can provide numerous advantages when addressing the intersection of nutrition and mental health. These professionals possess specialized knowledge in the field of nutrition and can offer personalized guidance tailored to individual needs. By working with a nutritionist or dietitian, individuals can expect to receive comprehensive support in creating a healthy diet plan that promotes mental wellbeing.
One key benefit of consulting with a nutritionist or dietitian is their ability to assess an individual’s specific nutritional requirements. They can identify any nutrient deficiencies or imbalances that may be contributing to mental health issues and recommend appropriate dietary changes to address these concerns. For instance, certain nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, and B vitamins, have been shown to play a crucial role in supporting mental health and cognitive function. A nutritionist or dietitian can help individuals incorporate these essential nutrients into their diets for optimal mental wellbeing.
Additionally, working with a nutritionist or dietitian can provide motivation and accountability in adhering to a healthy diet plan. These professionals can offer ongoing support and guidance, helping individuals maintain a consistent approach to healthy eating and making sustainable changes to their dietary habits. They can also monitor progress and make adjustments to the plan as needed, ensuring that individuals continue on a path toward improved mental health and overall wellbeing.
How to find a qualified professional
When seeking to work with a nutritionist or dietitian, it is essential to find a qualified professional with expertise in the intersection of nutrition and mental health. To do so, consider the following steps:
- Inquire for referrals: Ask friends, family members, or healthcare providers for recommendations of qualified nutritionists or dietitians who specialize in mental health.
- Verify credentials: Ensure that the chosen professional holds a valid license or certification in nutrition or dietetics. In the United States, a registered dietitian (RD) or a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN) has met the necessary education, training, and professional requirements.
- Check for specialization: Look for professionals who have experience or specialized training in the area of mental health and nutrition. This expertise ensures that they are well-equipped to provide personalized guidance for addressing the unique nutritional needs of individuals struggling with mental health issues.
- Schedule an initial consultation: Before committing to work with a nutritionist or dietitian, schedule an initial consultation to assess compatibility and gauge their understanding of the intersection of nutrition and mental health.
By following these steps and seeking out a qualified professional, individuals can harness the benefits of working with a nutritionist or dietitian to promote mental wellbeing through dietary changes and lifestyle modifications.
Addressing Mental Health Concerns with a Healthcare Professional
- The Importance of Addressing Mental Health Concerns with a Healthcare Professional
- How Nutrition May Play a Role in Treatment Plans
Addressing mental health concerns with a healthcare professional is a crucial step towards achieving optimal mental wellbeing. It is important to seek professional help when experiencing mental health issues, as they can impact daily life and overall quality of life.
Healthcare professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, and licensed clinical social workers, are trained to diagnose and treat mental health conditions. They can provide various treatment options, including medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes, to help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their mental health.
Nutrition may play a role in treatment plans for mental health concerns. For example, some studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds, may help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. Additionally, a balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can provide essential nutrients that support overall mental health.
However, it is important to note that nutrition alone should not be used as a sole treatment for mental health concerns. Instead, it should be incorporated into a comprehensive treatment plan that includes other evidence-based interventions, such as medication and therapy.
Therefore, it is recommended to seek professional help from a healthcare professional when addressing mental health concerns. They can provide a thorough assessment, diagnosis, and personalized treatment plan that takes into account individual needs and preferences. With proper treatment and support, individuals can improve their mental health and achieve a better quality of life.
1. What is the relationship between nutrition and mental health?
Nutrition plays a crucial role in mental health. A balanced diet, rich in essential nutrients, can help maintain mental wellbeing, while poor nutrition and dietary imbalances have been linked to increased risk of mental health issues. The gut-brain axis, which connects the digestive system to the central nervous system, suggests that the health of the gut can influence mental health.
2. How does a poor diet affect mental health?
A diet lacking in essential nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids, can contribute to the development of mental health issues. Conversely, a diet high in processed foods, sugar, and unhealthy fats can lead to inflammation in the body, which may also negatively impact mental health.
3. What nutrients are particularly important for mental health?
Certain nutrients are especially important for maintaining good mental health. These include:
* Omega-3 fatty acids: Found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds, omega-3s are essential for brain function and development.
* B vitamins: Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid play a crucial role in the production of neurotransmitters, which help regulate mood and emotions.
* Iron: A mineral vital for the production of red blood cells, which transport oxygen to the brain.
* Magnesium: A mineral that helps regulate neurotransmitter function and can have a calming effect on the body.
4. How can I improve my diet for better mental health?
Improving your diet for better mental health involves incorporating nutrient-rich foods and limiting processed and unhealthy options. Some tips include:
* Include more whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
* Limit sugar and processed foods.
* Consider incorporating foods rich in omega-3s, such as fatty fish or nuts.
* Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
* Consider talking to a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized advice.
5. Can dietary changes alone improve mental health?
While dietary changes can certainly contribute to overall wellbeing, they may not be sufficient to address severe mental health issues. It’s important to also address any underlying mental health concerns through therapy, medication, or other interventions as recommended by a healthcare professional.
6. What are some dietary supplements that can benefit mental health?
Some dietary supplements that may benefit mental health include:
* Omega-3 supplements: These can be helpful for those who don’t consume enough fatty fish or nuts in their diet.
* Vitamin B complex: This can be useful for those who are deficient in one or more B vitamins.
* Magnesium supplements: These can be helpful for those who struggle with anxiety or restlessness.
It’s important to talk to a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen, as some may interact with medications or have other side effects.