Trauma is a term that is often used to describe a deeply distressing or disturbing experience that can have a lasting impact on an individual’s life. However, not all traumas are created equal. In fact, there are many different types of trauma, each with its own unique set of symptoms and consequences. But what is the most common type of trauma? In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the answer to this question and shed light on the experiences that can lead to this type of trauma. So, let’s dive in and learn more about the most common type of trauma and how it affects those who experience it.
Types of Trauma
H3: Physical Trauma
Definition and Explanation
Physical trauma refers to any injury or harm caused to the body, typically resulting from an external force or event. It can range from minor bruises and cuts to severe injuries such as broken bones, head injuries, or even permanent disabilities. Physical trauma can be sudden and unexpected, such as a car accident or a fall, or it can be the result of prolonged exposure to harmful conditions, such as chronic stress or neglect.
Common Causes and Examples
Physical trauma can result from a wide range of events and circumstances. Some common causes of physical trauma include:
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Sports injuries
- Assault or violence
- Natural disasters
- Workplace accidents
- Medical malpractice
Symptoms and Effects on the Body
The symptoms of physical trauma can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury. Some common symptoms of physical trauma include:
- Limb numbness or weakness
- Difficulty moving or walking
- Headaches or dizziness
- Memory loss or confusion
Physical trauma can have long-lasting effects on the body, including chronic pain, limited mobility, and cognitive impairments. In severe cases, physical trauma can even result in permanent disability or death.
Treatment and Recovery Options
Treatment for physical trauma typically involves addressing the injury or harm directly, such as through surgery, medication, or physical therapy. However, the emotional and psychological impact of physical trauma should not be overlooked. Many individuals who experience physical trauma may also experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, or anxiety.
Recovery from physical trauma can be a long and challenging process, requiring ongoing medical care, emotional support, and a commitment to self-care. It is important for individuals who have experienced physical trauma to seek professional help and support to manage their symptoms and promote healing.
H3: Emotional Trauma
Emotional trauma refers to the damage or disturbance experienced as a result of an overwhelming event or series of events that exceed an individual’s ability to cope. It involves the psychological, emotional, and behavioral reactions to an event or series of events that threaten one’s life, safety, or sanity.
Emotional trauma can arise from a variety of sources, including:
- War or combat
- Physical or sexual assault
- Accidents or injuries
- Childhood abuse or neglect
- Bereavement or loss
Symptoms and Effects on Mental Health
Emotional trauma can manifest in a range of symptoms, including:
- Intrusive thoughts or flashbacks
- Avoidance of triggers or reminders of the traumatic event
- Hypervigilance or increased arousal
- Emotional numbness or detachment
- Difficulty with interpersonal relationships
- Anxiety or depression
The effects of emotional trauma can be far-reaching and long-lasting, affecting an individual’s ability to function in their daily life and maintain healthy relationships.
Treatment for emotional trauma typically involves a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and support from loved ones. Common approaches include:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
- Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
- Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT)
- Medication, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
It is important to seek professional help if you are experiencing symptoms of emotional trauma, as untreated trauma can lead to further emotional and psychological problems in the future. Recovery from emotional trauma can be a long and challenging process, but with the right support and resources, it is possible to heal and move forward.
H3: Psychological Trauma
Psychological trauma refers to the emotional and psychological impact that a person experiences as a result of a distressing event or series of events. It is a type of trauma that affects the mind and can lead to long-lasting effects on a person’s mental health.
Common causes and examples
Psychological trauma can result from a wide range of experiences, including:
- Physical or sexual abuse
- War or conflict
- Terrorist attacks
- Personal or family illness or injury
- Death of a loved one
- Emotional or psychological abuse
These experiences can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, and loss of control, which can have a significant impact on a person’s mental health.
Symptoms and effects on cognitive function
Psychological trauma can manifest in a variety of ways, including:
- Flashbacks or intrusive memories of the traumatic event
- Avoidance of people, places, or things that remind the person of the trauma
- Hypervigilance or hyperarousal, such as feeling easily startled or always on guard
- Changes in mood or emotional responses, such as becoming easily angered or feeling numb
- Difficulty with memory or concentration
- Changes in appetite or sleep patterns
These symptoms can interfere with a person’s ability to function in their daily life and can lead to difficulties in relationships, work, and other areas.
Treatment and recovery options
Psychological trauma can be treated with a variety of methods, including:
- Talk therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
- Medication, such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety medication
- Self-care practices, such as exercise, mindfulness, and healthy eating
- Support from friends, family, or a support group
Recovery from psychological trauma can take time and may involve setbacks, but with the right treatment and support, it is possible to heal and move forward.
H3: Sexual Trauma
Sexual trauma refers to any sexual activity that occurs without consent or is forced upon an individual. It encompasses a wide range of experiences, including rape, sexual assault, and incest. Sexual trauma can happen to anyone, regardless of age, gender, or sexual orientation.
Sexual trauma often results from power imbalances and inequalities. The perpetrator may hold a position of authority or trust, such as a family member, friend, or coworker. In some cases, the perpetrator may use threats, coercion, or intimidation to force the victim into a sexual encounter. Examples of sexual trauma include:
- Sexual assault
- Exposure to sexual abuse or exploitation
- Coercion or pressure to engage in sexual activities
Symptoms and Effects on Sexual Health and Relationships
Sexual trauma can have long-lasting effects on a person’s sexual health and relationships. Victims may experience physical symptoms such as pain during intercourse, genital injuries, or sexually transmitted infections. Emotional symptoms may include anxiety, depression, guilt, shame, or low self-esteem. Sexual trauma can also impact a person’s ability to form healthy relationships, leading to trust issues, intimacy problems, or avoidance of sexual encounters.
Treatment for sexual trauma typically involves a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and support groups. Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is a commonly used approach that helps individuals process their trauma and develop coping strategies. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may also be prescribed to address depression, anxiety, or other mental health conditions related to the trauma. Support groups can provide a safe space for survivors to share their experiences and receive support from others who have gone through similar situations.
H3: Spiritual Trauma
Spiritual trauma refers to the profound emotional and psychological impact that arises from experiencing or witnessing an event that challenges or undermines one’s deeply held spiritual beliefs, values, or practices. It can involve a violation of personal faith, religious practices, or spiritual connection, resulting in feelings of betrayal, disillusionment, or disorientation.
Spiritual trauma can stem from a variety of events or circumstances, such as:
- Experiencing or witnessing a violent or tragic event in a religious setting
- Being raised in an environment where religious teachings are used to control or manipulate
- Undergoing a crisis of faith or spirituality
- Being exposed to contradictions between religious teachings and personal experiences
- Being forced to choose between spiritual beliefs and family or community expectations
Symptoms and Effects on Spiritual Beliefs and Practices
Individuals who have experienced spiritual trauma may exhibit a range of symptoms, including:
- Feelings of confusion, doubt, or disbelief about their spiritual beliefs
- Loss of faith or sense of spiritual connection
- Increased anxiety, fear, or panic when faced with reminders of their traumatic experience
- Avoidance of religious or spiritual practices that remind them of the trauma
- Difficulty finding meaning or purpose in life after the traumatic event
Recovering from spiritual trauma requires a supportive and understanding approach that addresses both the emotional and spiritual aspects of the individual’s experience. Treatment options may include:
- Counseling or therapy with a mental health professional trained in addressing spiritual concerns
- Joining a support group or community of individuals who have experienced similar traumas
- Engaging in spiritual practices that do not conflict with their beliefs, such as meditation or mindfulness
- Exploring alternative spiritual beliefs or practices that may provide a sense of meaning and connection
- Working with a spiritual advisor or counselor to re-evaluate and redefine their spiritual beliefs in a healthy and empowering way.
H3: Complex Trauma
- Complex trauma is a term used to describe the accumulation of multiple traumatic experiences over an extended period. These experiences may include physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, neglect, and exposure to violence or other adverse events.
Complex trauma differs from single-incident trauma in that it often involves a series of traumatic events that have a lasting impact on the individual’s psychological well-being.
Childhood abuse: Physical, emotional, or sexual abuse during childhood can lead to complex trauma. The prolonged exposure to abuse can have a profound effect on the individual’s sense of self and their ability to form healthy relationships.
- Neglect: Prolonged neglect, such as lack of adequate care or supervision, can also contribute to complex trauma. This type of trauma can lead to feelings of abandonment and mistrust.
- War and conflict: Exposure to war and conflict can result in complex trauma. This can include exposure to violence, loss of loved ones, and displacement.
Symptoms and Effects on Overall Well-being
- Flashbacks: Individuals with complex trauma may experience flashbacks, where they relive the traumatic events.
- Avoidance: Individuals may avoid situations or people that remind them of the traumatic events.
- Hyperarousal: Individuals may experience hyperarousal, characterized by constant anxiety, irritability, and difficulty sleeping.
- Dissociation: Dissociation is a common symptom of complex trauma. It can manifest as feeling detached from one’s thoughts, feelings, or surroundings.
Difficulty in relationships: Complex trauma can affect an individual’s ability to form healthy relationships, leading to difficulties in intimacy and trust.
Therapy: Therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), can be effective in treating complex trauma.
- Support groups: Support groups can provide a safe space for individuals to share their experiences and receive support from others who have gone through similar experiences.
- Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as anxiety and depression.
- Self-care: Engaging in self-care activities, such as exercise, meditation, and mindfulness, can help individuals manage their symptoms and promote healing.
Overall, understanding complex trauma is essential in recognizing its symptoms and seeking appropriate treatment. With the right support and resources, individuals can overcome the challenges of complex trauma and work towards healing and recovery.
Common Misconceptions About Trauma
H3: Myth: All trauma survivors suffer from PTSD
Explanation of PTSD and its causes
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after a person has been through a traumatic event. Traumatic events can include natural disasters, accidents, violence, abuse, or military combat. PTSD is characterized by intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance of triggers, hyperarousal, and other symptoms that interfere with daily life.
Other reactions to trauma
It is important to note that not all trauma survivors develop PTSD. People can react differently to traumatic events, and the way they cope with the experience can impact their mental health. Some people may experience acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder, or other mental health conditions that are not PTSD. Others may experience no mental health issues at all.
Importance of seeking professional help
If you have experienced a traumatic event, it is important to seek professional help. A mental health professional can help you understand your feelings and reactions, provide support, and help you develop coping strategies. There are also various treatments available for PTSD, including therapy, medication, and alternative treatments such as yoga or art therapy. It is important to remember that healing from trauma takes time, and seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness.
H3: Myth: Trauma can be avoided by being strong or tough
- Explanation of the effects of trauma on the body and mind
Trauma can have a profound impact on both the body and mind. When an individual experiences a traumatic event, their body releases stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones can trigger the fight or flight response, which is the body’s natural way of responding to a perceived threat. However, when this response is triggered repeatedly or for an extended period, it can lead to long-term health problems such as chronic pain, heart disease, and autoimmune disorders.
Trauma can also affect the mind in various ways. It can cause anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other mental health issues. It can also affect an individual’s ability to regulate their emotions, leading to feelings of guilt, shame, and isolation.
- Importance of acknowledging and processing emotions
Acknowledging and processing emotions is a crucial part of healing from trauma. Many people may try to avoid or suppress their emotions, but this can actually make things worse. Instead, it is important to allow oneself to feel and process their emotions in a healthy way. This may involve talking to a therapist, joining a support group, or engaging in self-care activities such as exercise or meditation.
- Seeking support and treatment as needed
Seeking support and treatment as needed is another important aspect of healing from trauma. Trauma can be a complex and challenging issue to overcome, and it is essential to seek professional help when needed. This may involve working with a therapist who specializes in trauma, joining a support group, or seeking medication to manage symptoms.
In summary, trauma cannot be avoided by being strong or tough. It is essential to acknowledge and process emotions and seek support and treatment as needed to heal from trauma.
H3: Myth: Trauma is a sign of weakness
Explanation of the prevalence and impact of trauma
Trauma is a prevalent experience that can have a significant impact on an individual’s mental and emotional well-being. According to the National Center for PTSD, about 60% of men and 50% of women experience at least one traumatic event in their lives. These events can range from natural disasters, accidents, or violence, to emotional abuse, neglect, or the loss of a loved one.
Normalizing the experience of trauma
It is important to normalize the experience of trauma, as it can be a difficult and overwhelming experience for many individuals. Trauma can cause a range of symptoms, including anxiety, depression, flashbacks, and avoidance behaviors. It is essential to understand that these symptoms are common reactions to trauma and not a sign of weakness.
Seeking support and treatment as needed
If you have experienced trauma, it is important to seek support and treatment as needed. This can include speaking with a therapist, joining a support group, or seeking medical attention for physical injuries. There are many resources available to help individuals heal from trauma and move forward in a positive direction. Remember, seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness.
How to Support Someone Who Has Experienced Trauma
H3: Listening and acknowledging their experience
Listening and acknowledging the experience of someone who has gone through trauma is an essential aspect of providing support. Here are some key points to consider when offering this type of support:
- Explanation of the importance of validation and empathy: Validation and empathy are crucial when it comes to helping someone process their trauma. It’s important to recognize that their feelings are valid and to avoid dismissing or minimizing their experiences. By showing empathy, you can help them feel heard and understood, which can go a long way in their healing process.
- Avoiding judgment and blame: One of the most important things to remember when supporting someone who has experienced trauma is to avoid judgment and blame. Trauma is a sensitive and complex issue, and it’s important to approach it with care and understanding. Avoid making assumptions about what they’ve been through or how they’re feeling, and refrain from placing blame on them or others involved in the situation.
- Encouraging professional help when needed: While it’s important to offer support and validation, it’s also crucial to recognize when professional help is necessary. If the person you’re supporting is struggling to cope with their trauma or if their symptoms are impacting their daily life, it may be helpful to encourage them to seek professional help. This could include therapy, support groups, or other resources that can help them on their healing journey.
H3: Offering practical support
When someone has experienced trauma, it can be challenging for them to carry out their daily tasks. As a friend or family member, you can offer practical support to help them during this difficult time. Here are some ways to provide practical help:
- Offer assistance with daily tasks: The person who has experienced trauma may need help with everyday tasks such as grocery shopping, cooking, cleaning, or doing laundry. Offer to help with these tasks and ask if there is anything specific they need help with.
- Listen actively: When the person is talking about their experiences, listen actively. Allow them to express themselves without interrupting or judging them. Sometimes, just having someone to listen can be helpful.
- Help with errands: If the person needs to run errands, offer to go with them or offer to do the errands for them. This can help reduce their stress levels and make their life easier.
- Assist with medical appointments: If the person needs to attend medical appointments, offer to accompany them. You can help them prepare for the appointment, provide emotional support during the appointment, and help them process the information they receive during the appointment.
- Provide transportation: If the person needs transportation to therapy sessions or other appointments, offer to provide transportation. This can help alleviate some of the stress and anxiety associated with getting to appointments.
It is essential to respect the person’s boundaries and ask for their preferences regarding how they would like to be supported. Some people may not want to be touched or may need more space than usual. Be respectful of their wishes and do not push them to do anything they are not comfortable with.
By offering practical support, you can help the person who has experienced trauma feel less overwhelmed and more supported during their recovery process.
H3: Encouraging professional help
- Encouraging professional help is an essential aspect of supporting someone who has experienced trauma. Trauma can have a significant impact on a person’s mental health, and seeking professional help can provide them with the necessary tools to overcome their struggles.
- Therapy and counseling are two of the most common forms of professional help for individuals who have experienced trauma. These forms of treatment provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals to process their emotions and develop coping strategies.
- When encouraging someone to seek professional help, it is important to find a qualified therapist or counselor. This can be done by researching local mental health resources, asking for recommendations from trusted friends or family members, or reaching out to online directories for professionals.
- It is also important to encourage continued support and care for the individual. Trauma can be a long-term issue, and ongoing therapy or counseling can provide the necessary support for the individual to continue to heal and grow.
- Additionally, supporting someone through their journey of healing can also involve being an active listener, providing a non-judgmental and empathetic ear, and offering practical help such as running errands or assisting with daily tasks.
H3: Importance of self-care for the caregiver
Supporting someone who has experienced trauma can be emotionally taxing for the caregiver. It is crucial to recognize the impact of providing care to someone who has undergone trauma and the importance of self-care for the caregiver. Failing to take care of oneself can lead to burnout, compassion fatigue, and reduced ability to provide effective support.
Importance of self-care for the caregiver
Caring for someone who has experienced trauma can be emotionally and physically draining. The caregiver’s role involves providing emotional support, assisting with daily activities, and helping the individual cope with the traumatic experience. The demands of this role can lead to physical and emotional exhaustion, which can negatively impact the caregiver’s well-being.
Self-care is crucial for the caregiver to maintain their physical, emotional, and mental health. It involves taking proactive steps to maintain one’s well-being and prevent burnout. Self-care can involve simple activities such as taking a break, engaging in hobbies, and spending time with loved ones.
Suggestions for self-care practices
- Prioritize sleep: Getting enough sleep is essential for maintaining physical and emotional health. Caregivers should ensure they get enough rest and create a sleep-friendly environment.
- Practice relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga can help caregivers manage stress and reduce anxiety.
- Engage in physical activity: Regular exercise can help caregivers maintain their physical health and improve their mood.
- Connect with others: Caregivers should maintain a support network of friends and family to provide emotional support and reduce isolation.
- Seek professional help: Caregivers should seek professional help if they feel overwhelmed or experience symptoms of burnout. A mental health professional can provide guidance on coping strategies and self-care practices.
In conclusion, self-care is crucial for caregivers who provide support to individuals who have experienced trauma. By prioritizing self-care, caregivers can maintain their physical, emotional, and mental health and continue to provide effective support to the individual in need.
Prevention and Healing from Trauma
H3: Prevention strategies
When it comes to trauma, prevention is always better than cure. Here are some strategies that can help reduce the risk of experiencing trauma:
One of the most effective ways to prevent trauma is to build resilience. Resilience is the ability to bounce back from adversity, and it is a skill that can be developed over time. Some ways to build resilience include:
- Practicing self-care
- Cultivating a positive mindset
- Seeking social support
- Engaging in physical activity
- Learning new coping skills
Developing Coping Skills
Another effective way to prevent trauma is to develop coping skills. Coping skills are strategies that help individuals manage stress and emotions in healthy ways. Some coping skills include:
- Deep breathing
- Progressive muscle relaxation
- Guided imagery
- Mindfulness meditation
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also help prevent trauma. A healthy lifestyle includes:
- Eating a balanced diet
- Getting enough sleep
- Exercising regularly
- Avoiding drugs and alcohol
- Practicing good hygiene
By incorporating these practices into your daily routine, you can reduce your risk of experiencing trauma and promote overall well-being.
H3: Healing from trauma
- Explanation of the healing process
Healing from trauma is a complex and often long-term process that involves a combination of self-care, professional help, and support from others. It is important to understand that healing from trauma is not a linear process and that everyone’s journey is unique. The healing process may involve revisiting the traumatic event, processing emotions, and learning new coping mechanisms.
- Importance of seeking professional help
Seeking professional help is an essential part of the healing process. A mental health professional, such as a therapist or counselor, can provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals to process their emotions and work through the trauma. They can also provide tools and strategies for coping with trauma-related symptoms and improve overall well-being.
- Suggestions for self-care practices
Self-care practices are crucial for individuals who have experienced trauma. Some self-care practices that may be helpful include exercise, mindfulness, and spending time in nature. It is important to find activities that help individuals feel grounded and centered.
- Building a support network
Having a strong support network is essential for individuals who have experienced trauma. This can include friends, family, and community members. It is important to reach out to others for support and to allow others to support you. Support from others can provide a sense of security and help individuals feel less alone in their healing journey.
H3: Importance of self-care for the healing process
When it comes to healing from trauma, self-care is a crucial aspect that cannot be overlooked. Self-care involves taking deliberate actions to care for oneself physically, emotionally, and mentally. By practicing self-care, individuals can improve their overall well-being and create a positive environment for healing.
Importance of self-care in the healing process
Self-care is important in the healing process because it helps individuals to:
- Manage stress and anxiety
- Build resilience
- Increase feelings of self-worth and self-compassion
- Promote physical health
- Improve mental health
Suggestions for self-care practices
Here are some suggestions for self-care practices that can be beneficial for individuals who have experienced trauma:
- Engage in physical activity such as yoga, meditation, or walking
- Connect with friends and family for emotional support
- Engage in hobbies or activities that bring joy and relaxation
- Get enough sleep and prioritize rest
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet
- Practice mindfulness and gratitude
Importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle
In addition to self-care practices, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is also important in the healing process. This includes:
- Avoiding alcohol and drugs
- Avoiding harmful or toxic relationships
- Engaging in regular exercise
- Eating a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoiding negative self-talk and focusing on positive affirmations
By incorporating self-care practices and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, individuals can promote healing and reduce the negative impact of trauma on their lives.
H3: Seeking professional help
Benefits of therapy and counseling
Therapy and counseling are crucial in addressing trauma as they provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals to process their experiences and emotions. A trained therapist or counselor can help individuals identify and understand the impact of trauma on their lives, and develop coping strategies to manage the symptoms of trauma. Additionally, therapy can help individuals develop healthy relationships, improve communication skills, and increase self-awareness.
Finding a qualified therapist or counselor
When seeking professional help for trauma, it is important to find a qualified therapist or counselor who specializes in trauma treatment. Individuals can start by asking for referrals from friends, family members, or healthcare providers. It is also important to research the therapist’s qualifications, experience, and approach to treatment. Individuals should feel comfortable with their therapist and should feel that they are able to establish a trusting relationship.
Encouraging continued support and care
Healing from trauma is a long-term process that requires ongoing support and care. Individuals should work with their therapist or counselor to develop a treatment plan that meets their unique needs and goals. It is important to attend therapy sessions regularly and to actively participate in the treatment process. Additionally, individuals should seek support from friends, family members, or support groups to help them cope with the impact of trauma on their lives.
1. What is trauma?
Trauma is a psychological and emotional response to an event or experience that is deeply distressing or disturbing. It can result from a wide range of experiences, including physical harm, sexual assault, emotional abuse, natural disasters, accidents, and other serious events.
2. What are the different types of trauma?
There are several types of trauma, including physical trauma, emotional trauma, sexual trauma, and combat-related trauma. Each type of trauma can have different symptoms and may require different types of treatment.
3. What are the most common types of trauma?
The most common types of trauma include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, depression, and substance abuse. PTSD is a specific type of trauma that occurs in response to a severe traumatic event, such as a natural disaster, combat, sexual assault, or physical injury.
4. How do traumatic experiences affect a person’s life?
Traumatic experiences can have a significant impact on a person’s life, affecting their mental and emotional well-being, relationships, work, and overall quality of life. People who have experienced trauma may struggle with symptoms such as flashbacks, nightmares, anxiety, depression, and avoidance behaviors.
5. How is trauma treated?
There are several treatments for trauma, including therapy, medication, and self-care practices. Therapy can help people process their trauma and develop coping strategies, while medication can help manage symptoms such as anxiety and depression. Self-care practices, such as exercise, mindfulness, and self-compassion, can also be helpful in managing the impact of trauma on daily life.
6. Can trauma be prevented?
There are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of experiencing trauma, such as building strong social support networks, learning coping skills, and seeking help when needed. However, it is important to remember that trauma can happen to anyone, regardless of their circumstances, and that seeking help is always an option.